In the modern world GMO(Genetically Modified Organisms) seeds are gaining a lot of reputation. Many people too claim that these seeds play pivotal in feeding the increasing human population. Many US and international companies have started promoting the GMO crops all over the world, especially among the developing countries. However, EU has already banned the use of GMO seeds stating that they are not friendly at any cost. Let’s look at a short overview at the impacts of these seeds in real life.
The GMO seeds are prepared through a highly sophisticated technological method by altering the genes. The main aim is to yield crops at higher rate in respect with the selling point of view. These seeds are supposed to produce crops in higher amount than the local seeds. It seems that farmers are well benefitted with the GMO hybrids. Well, the case doesn’t hold true everywhere.
GMO seeds cannot be simply saved or don’t yield the true characteristics in the successive generation. Therefore, Farmers usually have to buy these seeds from the manufacturing companies. Similarly, these seeds demand more and more fertilizer and pesticides with each season to maintain high yields. As a result, farmers have to invest a lot of money to buy the necessary needs. In countries like Nepal and India, many farmers own a small piece of land that only helps them to meet their daily needs. When they start using these GMO seeds, it is very unlikely that they could buy all these goods without getting into a debt. If we analyze this case, may be it is better to go with the traditional agricultural practices where farmers use natural seed saving techniques and local fertilizers.
The disadvantages don’t end here. These seeds are also alleged to disrupt the natural biodiversity in a particular place. GMO seeds can contaminate local varieties of plants through pollination causing a serious impact in the seed diversity. Likewise, another trouble with these seeds is that we don’t know how they are going to behave over time. We are still uncertain what our future environment would look like with the presence of all these highly sophisticated seeds. Therefore, we need a complete and proper generalization about the use of GMO seeds before bringing them into the platform in a larger scale.